Glaucoma is classified. 1. By origin: primary glaucoma – associated with the violation of the drainage system of the eye, and as a consequence of the deterioration of intraocular fluid, secondary glaucoma, which occurs as a result of other eye diseases (inflammation, cataracts, diabetic changes, thrombosis, trauma, tumors, etc.) or after eye operations; congenital glaucoma coinfection associated with other congenital anomalies. 2. By Age patient. 3.
On the mechanism of increased intraocular pressure (open, closure). 4. The level of intraocular pressure – with a high IOP (intraocular pressure) – with normal IOP. 5. According to the degree lesions of the optic nerve (initial, development, an advanced and terminal). 6. As of the disease – stabilized and unstabilized. Established a genetic predisposition to glaucoma.
If someone of your blood relatives suffered from glaucoma or sick, you're at increased risk. There are risk factors that influence the emergence and progression of glaucoma process. Secrete local factors – myopic refraction (nearsightedness) and general – over the age of 60-65 years, heredity, diabetes, hypotension, thyroid disease, and others of great importance in the diagnosis of glaucoma is IOP. (For more on glaucoma and other eye diseases, please visit) value is determined by the balance of inflow and outflow of intraocular fluid outflow in glaucoma is violated, the excess moisture remains in the eye, and pressure increases. The path of intraocular fluid in IOP is not uniform and constant for different age groups, with different refraction (myopia or hyperopia), and also depends on the constitutional features of the person (gender, physique, temperament, etc.