General: Type 1 diabetes is a form of presentation of diabetes mellitus accounting for 5 to 10% of all cases of diabetes in the general population, he has also called Juvenile Diabetes because it is detected in childhood and adolescence. The age at which the diagnosis is variable and can range from the first year of life up to 13 or 14 years of age. In rare cases have been diagnosed in the first months of life. The term insulin-dependent, as it is also known for this condition is due to the origins of it, this is secondary to the destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas called beta cells. This destruction in turn is a process believed to be acquired and secondary to the presence of infections (mostly viral) that attack the pancreas.
The body to detect the organism causing the infection, produces substances called antibodies to try to eliminate it. Unfortunately for reasons unknown, the antibodies also attack the infectious agents also just destroying its own cells (in this case the pancreas), this process is called AUTOIMMUNITY. Diabetes mellitus type 1 is thus an autoimmune disease. This results in lack of production of insulin in the body. The insulin is known is a hormone that is responsible for the introduction of glucose (sugar) into cells so that they in turn can be used as energy for all metabolic processes. It is therefore easy to deduce that if the hormone needed no one can enter the cells to glucose in the blood remains is increasingly at higher levels which is the most important factor in a person with diabetes (hyperglycemia).