Obesity, Diabetes

The modern lifestyle has changed the social habits of children and adults in the last three decades in most of the world, where for example, the heaviest period of the day is to walk 30 meters from the office to the car and where it is cheaper to buy a drink a bottle of water, where childrens bicycle and outdoor games have been supplemented by television monitors and computer, these changes have caused a disproportionate increase in the number of people with a Diabetes.a Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder in which blood glucose (simple sugar) levels are abnormally high. This causes direct damage to the cells, especially in the most sensitive or susceptible, those of the retina, kidneys, blood vessels and peripheral nerves, leading to what diabetics known as a micro-angioneuropatiaa : the condition of small blood vessels and peripheral nerves. This damage caused major diabetic complications, such as the difficulty in wound healing, loss of skin sensation, circulatory disorders, the impairment of vision, kidney function, among many other complications. a It is important to note that 80 percent of diabetes patients are overweight or obese. The fat, particularly that found between visceral fat (central), strongly contributes to cell resistance to insulin, due to the secretion of some hormones by these fats. a There are several risk factors for Type 2 diabetes, the most important are age, genetic history, race (more common in Hispanic), smoking, lack of exercise, consumption of soft drinks and products hyper-caloric rapidly absorbable (sugars and refined flour), diets rich in saturated fat (animal fat) and processed foods.