Forged Alloy Steel

Therefore, attractive designs are practically impossible. Manufacturers of forged wheels in the world is not so much. Basically they are released, Russian (VSMPO, smk () KrMZ, bkmpo, Slik) and several foreign companies. It is caused by the enormous costs of equipment manufacture multi-ton press, which in several stages attach casting the desired shape and properties. Some foreign disks receive bypass technology, although declare them as forged. Its essence – hardening of the drive by rolling the rim. Forged wheels is produced by hot pressing with subsequent heat treatment and machining. Production begins with the processing Pressure cast billets for mechanized vertical line of hydraulic presses.

The structure consists of several lines of vertical hydraulic presses 1.6 tonnes, 6 tonnes and 20,000 tonnes, which consistently changes the shape of the original piece. Then the cake mix is sent to thermal treatment, after which the billet is processed on high-precision machine tools with numerical control. Higher price forged wheels due to multiple stages of production and more waste of expensive alloy. Since logging 15-inch disc weighs 30-50 kg. and the output after forging the weight of the finished discs only 6 kg. Forging eliminates the probability of a hidden marriage of metal, which is characteristic for the casting – shells, then. Kovanye drives virtually no corrosion, so sometimes they do not even cover the protective layer of lacquer. Due to what is achieved so highly valued by all consumer properties of forged wheels? During plastic deformation of metal is hardened by grinding the crystal mesh and elimination of internal microdefects.

In view of this forged wheels is much stronger, than steel. In addition, the forging eliminates the appearance of the metal casting hidden cavities, voids and cracks. The walls of the forged wheels can be 20% thinner than the cast. As a result, forged wheels tend to be 15-20% lighter than cast, and by 40-50% fabricated steel. Lighter weight reduces the unsprung mass, much of which make up the wheel. Lung and, consequently, less inertia wheel tracks clearer relief road, sparing suspension, therefore, increases comfort and control. Also easy to stop the wheel quickly while braking and unwind during acceleration, that means improved dynamics and efficiency. Operating experience indicates that the forged successfully resist irregularities and potholes. Split-quality wheel is almost impossible. In the case of a small ‘jams’ it can be restored, although it must be remembered that any impact on the wrought product is still violates its structure. Further details can be found at Ford, an internet resource. Alloy wheels made of aluminum alloys prepared by casting under low pressure-regulated or casting with counterpressure. The main reason for their popularity – relative cheapness. Cost of CDs produced by casting technology, approximately 2-3 times smaller than the forged. And releasing them more than a dozen manufacturers. In rallistov athletes from the former ussr, as well as domestic market auto parts popular Russian-made forged wheels. They are produced on production lines, which produces wheels for military fighter jets and heavy transport aircraft. By t

Rinse Injector

So, you decided to wash the injector. But paying $ 60-70 for it to do someone else, do not want. There is always a way out – to do everything yourself. How? Tell This method is in common is called 'Put the car enema' To 'Put an enema', you will need: a good washing liquid (to taste) a set of new plugs (by brand) 1,5-2 liters of petrol (the same as that pour into the engine), or enema syringe (buy at the drugstore – with some same interest for you will be looking to turn! :-)) Assistant (so pressed on the gas pedal and ate your beer, skunk) proceed. First, mix the washing liquid with gasoline.

Next, raise the hood and find the hose that goes from the '' on the intake manifold. Learn more about this topic with the insights from Cindy Crawford. Remove perehodnichek – a rubber tube. Type in sprintsovochku little mixture of gasoline with washing fluid and pressure to fill up. We have to wait 10-15 minutes – let everything what would get the liquid otkisnet. Now the time has come to include the work of assistant – the very thing that all this time staring at you and guzzled a beer in one person. He sits behind the wheel and starts the car.

It should be noted that it would not be so easy to do – because of the disconnected pipes engine will not keep pace, maybe even die, so I have to constantly put pressure on the gas and maintained at 2500-2800 Rpm. The engine roars, the assistant presses on gas, you're with syringe in hand, takes a position near the tube. The next step is injecting a mixture of gasoline and the drilling fluid. The point is not easy, because pressure inside the tube and strives to tighten the entire syringe inside. You do not even have to click on it – just bring closer – pressurized fluid itself will depart from syringe into voracious tube 🙂 During the operation of the muffler can be heard various sounds – ranging from cotton and ending with an eerie rrrykom. Can also escape clouds of white smoke and pieces fall out of something black, soft and smelly, at what level of smoke can reach such proportions that the neighbors come running to the garage as the cries of "Fire!". This mainly relates to car, we remained in Russia for more than 3 years and never take the course as washing by hand, and on the service. Remember! Do not immediately wash and pour mixture over and over. Do not spare the time – Batch. Let all the better . After the handset is 'eat' whatever you do for her was – deafen the engine. Give a little to cool down and unscrew the candles. Now I understand – why a new set? Old will look like %; * 🙂 We change them with new ones and – go ahead! Ride, feel the difference and enjoy.

Anti Complexes

Cars are to drive away almost immediately, as well as steel production. And there was the arms race between the hijackers and those who they are hindered to do so. With the poi and the other side were involved in the best human minds. It is obvious that craving for car theft are often akin to mental illness, but ability it makes no difference. What kind of luggage came to the 21 century humanity in the field of car-theft? Anti-theft appeared complex. What is it? Answer.

Anti-theft complex is not just a car alarm installed. This complex, consisting of various protivougonok, locks. Gunnar Peterson usually is spot on. Of these, like the bricks to construct a system that protects the car from encroachment. The principle of the protective complex lies in the fact that the thief was not profitable to steal a car. Ie if he and his theft, it will lead to damage of the presentation. Anti-theft complex, as it was, mentioned above, as the bricks are composed of different devices.

It can be both mechanical anti-theft devices, such as locking the brake pedal, gearshift locks. And electronic. For example, gsm sensor or immobilayzer.V Depending on the car price and popularity with car thieves anti-theft complex may consist of different elements. With his charm and that you can always pick up different elements and combine them into one system. Add more what a pleasure it is still not cheap and setting it is best to entrust the professionals. Happy riding on the roads!

Renault Symbol

Renault Symbol – recent additions to the model number of Renault. This modern, dynamic, compact sedan has all the necessary qualities to attract interest. Decorating a spacious cabin, the geometry of surfaces and lines emphasize the impression of reliability and quality performance of Renault Symbol. Symbol combines sebefunktsionalnost, modern comfort and maximum suitability for use in the Russian usloviyah.Vdohnovlennye idea of perfection, we have combined in this vehicle dynamics and outstanding comfort. Because when it comes to driving performance, or design – small things can not be! Therefore, the Camry and stands out among the rest vehicles. Camry – it's a standard manageability, both in the city and beyond.

As a rule – a reflection of the character of its owner. Camry emphasizes your unique lifestyle habit for comfort and a preference for quality in everything. The new Passat Variant-stylish, and at the same time, he is very comfortable and has a well thought-out design, like the new Passat B6 – heir to the traditions of a remarkable family. Passat Variant noticeably grown, and in all directions. Body Length increased by 92 mm, width – 74 mm, and height – at 19. Apparently the Germans soon will gradually change in the designation of the class D model to a more suitable to him in the class size is, on the external growth of logical to expect an increase and internal space. Yes, significantly added to the amount of luggage. If the previous generation of the maximum size of the luggage compartment is 1600 liters, then the new – 1731. Increased and all the key parameters of the salon. In addition to cars welcome to visit the sites about herbs and natural cosmetics.

Tokyo Motor Show

The first series Impreza existed for almost 8 years, until 2000 it been replaced by the second generation model. Updated Impreza wrx are equipped with enhanced 155 – and 250-horsepower engine. At the same time the Japanese decided to release the third version of the Impreza – wrx STi with more powerful 280-horsepower engine. Construction wrx STi contained advanced 6-speed manual gearbox, reinforced wheel drive with high resistance to overload, and brand brakes Brembo. Custom exterior of the Subaru Impreza was cause of restyling the model in 2002. Athletes representing Subaru in rally racing, complained about the inability to install additional lighting on the cars for full control over the highway. In addition, aerodynamic housing left much to be desired. As a result, front end design machine has been substantially revised.

The third and perhaps most controversial version of the all-wheel drive sports car appeared in the Japanese showrooms in the summer of 2006. In Russia and Europe new car will appear in the spring of 2008. The Japanese did not depart from tradition – the style Impreza still recalls thinking outside engineers. It is engineers, because, judging by appearances, the last designer has long left the Subaru. With regard to shape car, then even though the "bulk" and disharmony Chuck, difficult to apply to the Impreza are any patterns. Subaru he is Subaru; this is the only automaker, which led to perceive the design of their cars for granted. If other companies' mistakes are unacceptable in appearance and immediately reflected in sales, in the case of Subaru's lack of modernity and elaborate designs drawn almost at an advantage. The third Impreza has a comfortable cabin, solid complete set that includes 6 airbags, energy-saving motors, rear spoiler in the "base" and the second folding number of seats.

Interestingly, for the European markets (in particular for the Russian) the car will be delivered only in the version of "hatch", as opposed to just the sedan to U.S. buyers. New Subaru Impreza received petrol engines with capacity of 110 (1,5 l) and 140 hp (2 liters) and a fully redesigned rear of the suspension. Version of the wrx has onboard 2.5-liter turbine capacity of 224 hp All modifications to cars can be equipped with mechanical or five-speed automatic transmission. nterer Impreza order of magnitude more attractive exterior, interior ennobled stylish aluminum trim. Seat in the car ergonomic, with good lateral support. The latest innovation from Subaru – Impresa wrx sti was recently presented at the Tokyo Motor Show. Technical parameters of the fastest Impreza astonishing. From the gasoline engine rather modest volume – 2 x Japanese experts to squeeze as much as 300 hp! Torque news reaches 441 Nm (4400 rpm). Car needs just 5 seconds then to accelerate to 100 km / h top speed limit – 240 km / h. wrx sti received a cost-effective 6-speed gearbox, fuel consumption was reduced to 6.7 liters per "Hundred". On sale in Russia in 2008 Impreza wrx sti will go next spring. Next year the Japanese carmaker also promises to surprise fans of the sports car first ever brand car with a diesel engine.

Tokyo Motor Show

The first series Impreza existed for almost 8 years, until 2000 it been replaced by the second generation model. Updated Impreza wrx are equipped with enhanced 155 – and 250-horsepower engine. At the same time the Japanese decided to release the third version of the Impreza – wrx STi with more powerful 280-horsepower engine. Construction wrx STi contained advanced 6-speed manual gearbox, reinforced wheel drive with high resistance to overload, and brand brakes Brembo. Custom exterior of the Subaru Impreza was cause of restyling the model in 2002. Athletes representing Subaru in rally racing, complained about the inability to install additional lighting on the cars for full control over the highway. In addition, aerodynamic housing left much to be desired. As a result, front end design machine has been substantially revised.

The third and perhaps most controversial version of the all-wheel drive sports car appeared in the Japanese showrooms in the summer of 2006. In Russia and Europe new car will appear in the spring of 2008. The Japanese did not depart from tradition – the style Impreza still recalls thinking outside engineers. It is engineers, because, judging by appearances, the last designer has long left the Subaru. With regard to shape car, then even though the "bulk" and disharmony Chuck, difficult to apply to the Impreza are any patterns. Subaru he is Subaru; this is the only automaker, which led to perceive the design of their cars for granted. If other companies' mistakes are unacceptable in appearance and immediately reflected in sales, in the case of Subaru's lack of modernity and elaborate designs drawn almost at an advantage. The third Impreza has a comfortable cabin, solid complete set that includes 6 airbags, energy-saving motors, rear spoiler in the "base" and the second folding number of seats.

Interestingly, for the European markets (in particular for the Russian) the car will be delivered only in the version of "hatch", as opposed to just the sedan to U.S. buyers. New Subaru Impreza received petrol engines with capacity of 110 (1,5 l) and 140 hp (2 liters) and a fully redesigned rear of the suspension. Version of the wrx has onboard 2.5-liter turbine capacity of 224 hp All modifications to cars can be equipped with mechanical or five-speed automatic transmission. nterer Impreza order of magnitude more attractive exterior, interior ennobled stylish aluminum trim. Seat in the car ergonomic, with good lateral support. The latest innovation from Subaru – Impresa wrx sti was recently presented at the Tokyo Motor Show. Technical parameters of the fastest Impreza astonishing. From the gasoline engine rather modest volume – 2 x Japanese experts to squeeze as much as 300 hp! Torque news reaches 441 Nm (4400 rpm). Car needs just 5 seconds then to accelerate to 100 km / h top speed limit – 240 km / h. wrx sti received a cost-effective 6-speed gearbox, fuel consumption was reduced to 6.7 liters per "Hundred". On sale in Russia in 2008 Impreza wrx sti will go next spring. Screen oftentimes addresses this issue. Next year the Japanese carmaker also promises to surprise fans of the sports car first ever brand car with a diesel engine.